基于mask rcnn的三维物体分割

发布于 2019-06-11 17:36:11

前言

最近迷上了mask rcnn,也是由于自己工作需要吧,特意研究了其源代码,并基于自己的数据进行训练~
本博客参考https://blog.csdn.net/disiwei1012/article/details/79928679#commentsedit

实验目的

1.png
2.png
3.png

哎~说多了都是泪,谁让我是工科生呢?只能检测工件了。。。做不了高大上的东西了,哈哈!

主要参考及工具

基于Mask RCNN开源项目:https://github.com/matterport/Mask_RCNN

图片标记工具基于开源项目:https://github.com/wkentaro/labelme

训练工具:win10+GTX1060+cuda9.1+cudnn7+tensorflow-gpu-1.6.0+keras-2.1.6,140幅图像,一共3类,1小时左右

有关labelme的使用可以参考:https://blog.csdn.net/shwan_ma/article/details/77823281](https://blog.csdn.net/shwan_ma/article/details/77823281

有关mask-rcnn和Faster RCNN算法可以参考:
https://blog.csdn.net/linolzhang/article/details/71774168](https://blog.csdn.net/linolzhang/article/details/71774168
https://blog.csdn.net/lk123400/article/details/54343550/](https://blog.csdn.net/lk123400/article/details/54343550/

准备训练数据集

这是我简历的四个文件夹,下面一一道来~
4.png

1.pic
5.png
这是训练的图像,一共700幅

2.json
6.png
这是通过labelme处理训练图像后生成的文件

3.labelme_json
7.png
8.png
这个是处理.json文件后产生的数据,使用方法为labelme_json_to_dataset+空格+文件名称.json,这个前提是labelme要准确安装并激活。但是这样会产生一个问题,对多幅图像这样处理,太麻烦,在这里提供一个工具,可以直接在.json文件目录下转换所有的json文件,链接:https://download.csdn.net/download/qq_29462849/10540381

4.cv2_mask文件

由于labelme生成的掩码标签 label.png为16位存储,opencv默认读取8位,需要将16位转8位,可通过C++程序转化,代码请参考这篇博文:http://blog.csdn.net/l297969586/article/details/79154150
9.png
一团黑,不过不要怕,正常的~

源代码

运行该代码,需要安装pycocotools,在windows下安装该工具非常烦,有的可以轻松的安装成功,有的重装系统也很难成功,哎,都是坑~~关于Windows下安装pycocotools请参考:https://blog.csdn.net/chixia1785/article/details/80040172](https://blog.csdn.net/chixia1785/article/details/80040172,https://blog.csdn.net/gxiaoyaya/article/details/78363391](https://blog.csdn.net/gxiaoyaya/article/details/78363391

测试的源代码

Github上开源的代码,是基于ipynb的,我直接把它转换成.py文件,首先做个测试,基于coco数据集上训练好的模型,可以调用摄像头~~~

[代码]py代码:

import os
import sys
import random
import math
import numpy as np
import skimage.io
import matplotlib
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import cv2
import time
# Root directory of the project
ROOT_DIR = os.path.abspath("../")

# Import Mask RCNN
sys.path.append(ROOT_DIR)  # To find local version of the library
from mrcnn import utils
import mrcnn.model as modellib
from mrcnn import visualize
# Import COCO config
sys.path.append(os.path.join(ROOT_DIR, "samples/coco/"))  # To find local version
import coco


# Directory to save logs and trained model
MODEL_DIR = os.path.join(ROOT_DIR, "logs")

# Local path to trained weights file
COCO_MODEL_PATH = os.path.join(MODEL_DIR ,"mask_rcnn_coco.h5")
# Download COCO trained weights from Releases if needed
if not os.path.exists(COCO_MODEL_PATH):
    utils.download_trained_weights(COCO_MODEL_PATH)
    print("cuiwei***********************")

# Directory of images to run detection on
IMAGE_DIR = os.path.join(ROOT_DIR, "images")

class InferenceConfig(coco.CocoConfig):
    # Set batch size to 1 since we'll be running inference on
    # one image at a time. Batch size = GPU_COUNT * IMAGES_PER_GPU
    GPU_COUNT = 1
    IMAGES_PER_GPU = 1

config = InferenceConfig()
config.display()


# Create model object in inference mode.
model = modellib.MaskRCNN(mode="inference", model_dir=MODEL_DIR, config=config)

# Load weights trained on MS-COCO
model.load_weights(COCO_MODEL_PATH, by_name=True)

# COCO Class names
# Index of the class in the list is its ID. For example, to get ID of
# the teddy bear class, use: class_names.index('teddy bear')
class_names = ['BG', 'person', 'bicycle', 'car', 'motorcycle', 'airplane',
               'bus', 'train', 'truck', 'boat', 'traffic light',
               'fire hydrant', 'stop sign', 'parking meter', 'bench', 'bird',
               'cat', 'dog', 'horse', 'sheep', 'cow', 'elephant', 'bear',
               'zebra', 'giraffe', 'backpack', 'umbrella', 'handbag', 'tie',
               'suitcase', 'frisbee', 'skis', 'snowboard', 'sports ball',
               'kite', 'baseball bat', 'baseball glove', 'skateboard',
               'surfboard', 'tennis racket', 'bottle', 'wine glass', 'cup',
               'fork', 'knife', 'spoon', 'bowl', 'banana', 'apple',
               'sandwich', 'orange', 'broccoli', 'carrot', 'hot dog', 'pizza',
               'donut', 'cake', 'chair', 'couch', 'potted plant', 'bed',
               'dining table', 'toilet', 'tv', 'laptop', 'mouse', 'remote',
               'keyboard', 'cell phone', 'microwave', 'oven', 'toaster',
               'sink', 'refrigerator', 'book', 'clock', 'vase', 'scissors',
               'teddy bear', 'hair drier', 'toothbrush']
# Load a random image from the images folder
#file_names = next(os.walk(IMAGE_DIR))[2]
#image = skimage.io.imread(os.path.join(IMAGE_DIR, random.choice(file_names)))
cap = cv2.VideoCapture(0)

while(1):
    # get a frame
    ret, frame = cap.read()
    # show a frame
    start =time.clock()
    results = model.detect([frame], verbose=1)
    r = results[0]
    #cv2.imshow("capture", frame)
    visualize.display_instances(frame, r['rois'], r['masks'], r['class_ids'], 
                            class_names, r['scores'])
    end = time.clock()
    print(end-start)
    if cv2.waitKey(1) & 0xFF == ord('q'):
        break

cap.release()
cv2.destroyAllWindows() 

#image= cv2.imread("C:\\Users\\18301\\Desktop\\Mask_RCNN-master\\images\\9.jpg")
## Run detection
#
#results = model.detect([image], verbose=1)
#
#print(end-start)
## Visualize results
#r = results[0]
#visualize.display_instances(image, r['rois'], r['masks'], r['class_ids'], 
#                            class_names, r['scores'])

10.png
11.png
关于训练好的mask rcnn模型,可从此处下载:https://github.com/matterport/Mask_RCNN/releases](https://github.com/matterport/Mask_RCNN/releases,下载好后,配置路径即可

训练数据源代码

[代码]py代码:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import os
import sys
import random
import math
import re
import time
import numpy as np
import cv2
import matplotlib
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import tensorflow as tf
from mrcnn.config import Config
#import utils
from mrcnn import model as modellib,utils
from mrcnn import visualize
import yaml
from mrcnn.model import log
from PIL import Image


#os.environ["CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES"] = "0"
# Root directory of the project
ROOT_DIR = os.getcwd()

#ROOT_DIR = os.path.abspath("../")
# Directory to save logs and trained model
MODEL_DIR = os.path.join(ROOT_DIR, "logs")

iter_num=0

# Local path to trained weights file
COCO_MODEL_PATH = os.path.join(ROOT_DIR, "mask_rcnn_coco.h5")
# Download COCO trained weights from Releases if needed
if not os.path.exists(COCO_MODEL_PATH):
    utils.download_trained_weights(COCO_MODEL_PATH)


class ShapesConfig(Config):
    """Configuration for training on the toy shapes dataset.
    Derives from the base Config class and overrides values specific
    to the toy shapes dataset.
    """
    # Give the configuration a recognizable name
    NAME = "shapes"

    # Train on 1 GPU and 8 images per GPU. We can put multiple images on each
    # GPU because the images are small. Batch size is 8 (GPUs * images/GPU).
    GPU_COUNT = 1
    IMAGES_PER_GPU = 2

    # Number of classes (including background)
    NUM_CLASSES = 1 + 3  # background + 3 shapes

    # Use small images for faster training. Set the limits of the small side
    # the large side, and that determines the image shape.
    IMAGE_MIN_DIM = 320
    IMAGE_MAX_DIM = 384

    # Use smaller anchors because our image and objects are small
    RPN_ANCHOR_SCALES = (8 * 6, 16 * 6, 32 * 6, 64 * 6, 128 * 6)  # anchor side in pixels

    # Reduce training ROIs per image because the images are small and have
    # few objects. Aim to allow ROI sampling to pick 33% positive ROIs.
    TRAIN_ROIS_PER_IMAGE = 100

    # Use a small epoch since the data is simple
    STEPS_PER_EPOCH = 100

    # use small validation steps since the epoch is small
    VALIDATION_STEPS = 50


config = ShapesConfig()
config.display()

class DrugDataset(utils.Dataset):
    # 得到该图中有多少个实例(物体)
    def get_obj_index(self, image):
        n = np.max(image)
        return n

    # 解析labelme中得到的yaml文件,从而得到mask每一层对应的实例标签
    def from_yaml_get_class(self, image_id):
        info = self.image_info[image_id]
        with open(info['yaml_path']) as f:
            temp = yaml.load(f.read())
            labels = temp['label_names']
            del labels[0]
        return labels

    # 重新写draw_mask
    def draw_mask(self, num_obj, mask, image,image_id):
        #print("draw_mask-->",image_id)
        #print("self.image_info",self.image_info)
        info = self.image_info[image_id]
        #print("info-->",info)
        #print("info[width]----->",info['width'],"-info[height]--->",info['height'])
        for index in range(num_obj):
            for i in range(info['width']):
                for j in range(info['height']):
                    #print("image_id-->",image_id,"-i--->",i,"-j--->",j)
                    #print("info[width]----->",info['width'],"-info[height]--->",info['height'])
                    at_pixel = image.getpixel((i, j))
                    if at_pixel == index + 1:
                        mask[j, i, index] = 1
        return mask

    # 重新写load_shapes,里面包含自己的类别,可以任意添加
    # 并在self.image_info信息中添加了path、mask_path 、yaml_path
    # yaml_pathdataset_root_path = "/tongue_dateset/"
    # img_floder = dataset_root_path + "rgb"
    # mask_floder = dataset_root_path + "mask"
    # dataset_root_path = "/tongue_dateset/"
    def load_shapes(self, count, img_floder, mask_floder, imglist, dataset_root_path):
        """Generate the requested number of synthetic images.
        count: number of images to generate.
        height, width: the size of the generated images.
        """
        # Add classes,可通过这种方式扩展多个物体
        self.add_class("shapes", 1, "tank") # 黑色素瘤
        self.add_class("shapes", 2, "triangle")
        self.add_class("shapes", 3, "white")
        for i in range(count):
            # 获取图片宽和高

            filestr = imglist[i].split(".")[0]
            #print(imglist[i],"-->",cv_img.shape[1],"--->",cv_img.shape[0])
            #print("id-->", i, " imglist[", i, "]-->", imglist[i],"filestr-->",filestr)
            #filestr = filestr.split("_")[1]
            mask_path = mask_floder + "/" + filestr + ".png"
            yaml_path = dataset_root_path + "labelme_json/" + filestr + "_json/info.yaml"
            print(dataset_root_path + "labelme_json/" + filestr + "_json/img.png")
            cv_img = cv2.imread(dataset_root_path + "labelme_json/" + filestr + "_json/img.png")

            self.add_image("shapes", image_id=i, path=img_floder + "/" + imglist[i],
                           width=cv_img.shape[1], height=cv_img.shape[0], mask_path=mask_path, yaml_path=yaml_path)

    # 重写load_mask
    def load_mask(self, image_id):
        """Generate instance masks for shapes of the given image ID.
        """
        global iter_num
        print("image_id",image_id)
        info = self.image_info[image_id]
        count = 1  # number of object
        img = Image.open(info['mask_path'])
        num_obj = self.get_obj_index(img)
        mask = np.zeros([info['height'], info['width'], num_obj], dtype=np.uint8)
        mask = self.draw_mask(num_obj, mask, img,image_id)
        occlusion = np.logical_not(mask[:, :, -1]).astype(np.uint8)
        for i in range(count - 2, -1, -1):
            mask[:, :, i] = mask[:, :, i] * occlusion

            occlusion = np.logical_and(occlusion, np.logical_not(mask[:, :, i]))
        labels = []
        labels = self.from_yaml_get_class(image_id)
        labels_form = []
        for i in range(len(labels)):
            if labels[i].find("tank") != -1:
                # print "box"
                labels_form.append("tank")
            elif labels[i].find("triangle")!=-1:
                #print "column"
                labels_form.append("triangle")
            elif labels[i].find("white")!=-1:
                #print "package"
                labels_form.append("white")
        class_ids = np.array([self.class_names.index(s) for s in labels_form])
        return mask, class_ids.astype(np.int32)

def get_ax(rows=1, cols=1, size=8):
    """Return a Matplotlib Axes array to be used in
    all visualizations in the notebook. Provide a
    central point to control graph sizes.

    Change the default size attribute to control the size
    of rendered images
    """
    _, ax = plt.subplots(rows, cols, figsize=(size * cols, size * rows))
    return ax

#基础设置
dataset_root_path="train_data/"
img_floder = dataset_root_path + "pic"
mask_floder = dataset_root_path + "cv2_mask"
#yaml_floder = dataset_root_path
imglist = os.listdir(img_floder)
count = len(imglist)

#train与val数据集准备
dataset_train = DrugDataset()
dataset_train.load_shapes(count, img_floder, mask_floder, imglist,dataset_root_path)
dataset_train.prepare()

#print("dataset_train-->",dataset_train._image_ids)

dataset_val = DrugDataset()
dataset_val.load_shapes(7, img_floder, mask_floder, imglist,dataset_root_path)
dataset_val.prepare()

#print("dataset_val-->",dataset_val._image_ids)

# Load and display random samples
#image_ids = np.random.choice(dataset_train.image_ids, 4)
#for image_id in image_ids:
#    image = dataset_train.load_image(image_id)
#    mask, class_ids = dataset_train.load_mask(image_id)
#    visualize.display_top_masks(image, mask, class_ids, dataset_train.class_names)

# Create model in training mode
model = modellib.MaskRCNN(mode="training", config=config,
                          model_dir=MODEL_DIR)

# Which weights to start with?
init_with = "coco"  # imagenet, coco, or last

if init_with == "imagenet":
    model.load_weights(model.get_imagenet_weights(), by_name=True)
elif init_with == "coco":
    # Load weights trained on MS COCO, but skip layers that
    # are different due to the different number of classes
    # See README for instructions to download the COCO weights
    model.load_weights(COCO_MODEL_PATH, by_name=True,
                       exclude=["mrcnn_class_logits", "mrcnn_bbox_fc",
                                "mrcnn_bbox", "mrcnn_mask"])
elif init_with == "last":
    # Load the last model you trained and continue training
    model.load_weights(model.find_last()[1], by_name=True)

# Train the head branches
# Passing layers="heads" freezes all layers except the head
# layers. You can also pass a regular expression to select
# which layers to train by name pattern.
model.train(dataset_train, dataset_val,
            learning_rate=config.LEARNING_RATE,
            epochs=20,
            layers='heads')



# Fine tune all layers
# Passing layers="all" trains all layers. You can also
# pass a regular expression to select which layers to
# train by name pattern.
model.train(dataset_train, dataset_val,
            learning_rate=config.LEARNING_RATE / 10,
            epochs=40,
            layers="all")

关于训练过程的参数设置,可在config.py文件中修改,根据自己的要求啦~官方也给出了修改建议:https://github.com/matterport/Mask_RCNN/wiki,https://github.com/matterport/Mask_RCNN/wiki

可修改的主要有:

BACKBONE = "resnet50" ;这个是迁移学习调用的模型,分为resnet101和resnet50,电脑性能不是特别好的话,建议选择resnet50,这样网络更小,训练的更快。

model.train(..., layers='heads', ...) # Train heads branches (least memory)

model.train(..., layers='3+', ...) # Train resnet stage 3 and up

model.train(..., layers='4+', ...) # Train resnet stage 4 and up

model.train(..., layers='all', ...) # Train all layers (most memory)#这里是选择训练的层数,根据自己的要求选择

IMAGE_MIN_DIM = 800

IMAGE_MAX_DIM = 1024#设置训练时的图像大小,最终以IMAGE_MAX_DIM为准,如果电脑性能不是太好,建议调小

GPU_COUNT = 1

IMAGES_PER_GPU = 2#这个是对GPU的设置,如果显存不够,建议把2调成1(虽然batch_size为1并不利于收敛)

TRAIN_ROIS_PER_IMAGE = 200;可根据自己数据集的真实情况来设定

MAX_GT_INSTANCES = 100;设置图像中最多可检测出来的物体数量

数据集按照上述格式建立,然后配置好路径即可训练,在windows训练的时候有个问题,就是会出现训练时一直卡在epoch1,这个问题是因为keras在低版本中不支持多线程(在windows上),推荐keras2.1.6,这个亲测可以~

训练的模型会保存在logs文件夹下,.h5格式,训练好后直接调用即可

测试模型的代码

[代码]py代码:

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
import os
import sys
import random
import math
import numpy as np
import skimage.io
import matplotlib
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import cv2
import time
from mrcnn.config import Config
from datetime import datetime 
# Root directory of the project
ROOT_DIR = os.getcwd()

# Import Mask RCNN
sys.path.append(ROOT_DIR)  # To find local version of the library
from mrcnn import utils
import mrcnn.model as modellib
from mrcnn import visualize
# Import COCO config
sys.path.append(os.path.join(ROOT_DIR, "samples/coco/"))  # To find local version
from samples.coco import coco


# Directory to save logs and trained model
MODEL_DIR = os.path.join(ROOT_DIR, "logs")

# Local path to trained weights file
COCO_MODEL_PATH = os.path.join(MODEL_DIR ,"mask_rcnn_coco.h5")
# Download COCO trained weights from Releases if needed
if not os.path.exists(COCO_MODEL_PATH):
    utils.download_trained_weights(COCO_MODEL_PATH)
    print("cuiwei***********************")

# Directory of images to run detection on
IMAGE_DIR = os.path.join(ROOT_DIR, "images")

class ShapesConfig(Config):
    """Configuration for training on the toy shapes dataset.
    Derives from the base Config class and overrides values specific
    to the toy shapes dataset.
    """
    # Give the configuration a recognizable name
    NAME = "shapes"

    # Train on 1 GPU and 8 images per GPU. We can put multiple images on each
    # GPU because the images are small. Batch size is 8 (GPUs * images/GPU).
    GPU_COUNT = 1
    IMAGES_PER_GPU = 1

    # Number of classes (including background)
    NUM_CLASSES = 1 + 3  # background + 3 shapes

    # Use small images for faster training. Set the limits of the small side
    # the large side, and that determines the image shape.
    IMAGE_MIN_DIM = 320
    IMAGE_MAX_DIM = 384

    # Use smaller anchors because our image and objects are small
    RPN_ANCHOR_SCALES = (8 * 6, 16 * 6, 32 * 6, 64 * 6, 128 * 6)  # anchor side in pixels

    # Reduce training ROIs per image because the images are small and have
    # few objects. Aim to allow ROI sampling to pick 33% positive ROIs.
    TRAIN_ROIS_PER_IMAGE =100

    # Use a small epoch since the data is simple
    STEPS_PER_EPOCH = 100

    # use small validation steps since the epoch is small
    VALIDATION_STEPS = 50

#import train_tongue
#class InferenceConfig(coco.CocoConfig):
class InferenceConfig(ShapesConfig):
    # Set batch size to 1 since we'll be running inference on
    # one image at a time. Batch size = GPU_COUNT * IMAGES_PER_GPU
    GPU_COUNT = 1
    IMAGES_PER_GPU = 1

config = InferenceConfig()

model = modellib.MaskRCNN(mode="inference", model_dir=MODEL_DIR, config=config)


# Create model object in inference mode.
model = modellib.MaskRCNN(mode="inference", model_dir=MODEL_DIR, config=config)

# Load weights trained on MS-COCO
model.load_weights(COCO_MODEL_PATH, by_name=True)

# COCO Class names
# Index of the class in the list is its ID. For example, to get ID of
# the teddy bear class, use: class_names.index('teddy bear')
class_names = ['BG', 'tank','triangle','white']
# Load a random image from the images folder
file_names = next(os.walk(IMAGE_DIR))[2]
image = skimage.io.imread(os.path.join(IMAGE_DIR, random.choice(file_names)))

a=datetime.now() 
# Run detection
results = model.detect([image], verbose=1)
b=datetime.now() 
# Visualize results
print("shijian",(b-a).seconds)
r = results[0]
visualize.display_instances(image, r['rois'], r['masks'], r['class_ids'], 
                            class_names, r['scores'])

12.png
13.png

0 评论

发布
问题